In botany and horticulture, the term deciduous refers to those plants that lose all of their leaves for part of the year. In temperate and polar climates leaf loss coincides with winter. However, in other parts of the world, including tropical and subtropical regions, plants lose their leaves during the dry season. The opposite of deciduous is evergreen, where foliage is shed throughout the year, therefore appearing to remain green all year long. Now that we know the meaning of deciduous, now we need to understand why some plants need to lose their leaves.
So why do trees and shrubs lose their leaves? It’s a matter of survival. As winter approaches more and more water will be locked up as ice and will no longer be available to plants. So deciduous plants shut down for the winter, enter a state of dormancy until the water becomes plentiful once again in the springtime.
A partial list of North American Deciduous Trees
|Maple Trees||Red and White Oak Trees|
|Walnut Trees||Cherry Trees|
|Birch Trees||Locust Trees|
|Elm Trees||Ash Trees|
|Beech Trees||Sweetgum Trees|